Friday, 2 January 2015

Prominent Buddhist and Scheduled Class women in India;

Our gems, intellectuals and glorious Women:

“I measure the progress of the society by the degree of progress which women have achieved” ~ Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.

Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar contribution was great in the field of women's empowerment who advocate for the liberation of women and gender equality in India. If there any persons worked for women's liberation in India via confirmed law effort, the person was none other than Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar. Without Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar, at least whatever changes the position of Women today in India would be only question mark. There were many leaders fought for the women's Rights in India. Most of them were failed in their action. But Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar was the only person who changed the effort via Law. As a youth am very proud to share about our gems, intellectuals and glorious Women in various field. Let learn it and teach to everyone especially our young women.

* Maha Pajapati Gotami - The first Buddhist nun ordained by the Buddha. * Videesha Mahadevi Shakyakumari – The first Empress of the Mauryan Empire and the wife of Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. She is remembered for Sanchi Stupa and is credited with being a major factor for her husband's conversion to Buddhism. She was the only Buddhist Empress of India. * Sanghamitta - Daughter of Emperor Ashoka. With her brother Mahinda, she went to Sri Lanka to spread the teachings of Buddha at the request of King Devanampiya Tissa who was a contemporary of Ashoka.
* Auvaiyar I - World famous Tamil Poetess. She was the royal saint of the Prince of Thagadur ie Athiaman Neduman Anji, the Buddhist ruler who was fond of Avvaiyar. (Presently as Dharmapuri once called as Dhammapuri. It is my district of Tamil Nadu). Her poems are found in the Purananuru, Kurunthogai and Natrinai.
* Soyarabai - A saint from Maharashtra who framed large literature in Marathi. She was the wife of Saint Chokhamela.
* Nirmala - A saint from Maharashtra whose writings are largely describe the injustice and inequalities she suffered as a result of the caste system. She was the younger sister of the Saint Chokhamela.
* Kuyili - The brave woman who was the first human bomb in India against the British. She was the army commander of Velu Nachiar, the queen of Sivagangai, Tamil Nadu. Her brave act paves the way for Nachiyar’s victory against the British.
* Jhalkaribai - A soldier in the women's army of Queen Laxmibai of Jhansi who played an important role in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 during the battle of Jhansi. She started her career as an ordinary soldier in Laxmibai's army, but rose to a position of advising the queen and participating in vital decisions. During the rebellion, at the height of the battle of fort of Jhansi, she disguised herself as the queen and fought on the front to let the queen escape safely out of the fort.
* Aranganayaki Srinivasan - Diwan Bahadur Rettaimalai Srinivasan’s wife. She was mainly responsible for his services to the depressed class. She was a kind and social minded woman which made Srinivasan to carry on his mission successfully.
* Ramabai Ambedkar - Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s wife. The line “There is a woman behind for every man success” is very true in Babasaheb life.

* Annai Meenambal Sivaraj - National level India's first dalit woman leader. She was the first women president of South India Scheduled Class Federation. She gave the title “PERIYAR” (Great one) to EV.RAMASAMY in a women conference in Victoria public hall near to Moore Market, Madras in 20th November 1938. She presided over the SCF women’s conference held at Madras, in 1944, which was attended by Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. She also presided over the All India SCF women’s conference held at Bombay, on May 6th, 1945. She advocated the role of education powerfully. Also she exhorted the women audience to actively take part in social uplift of the community, educate their children, advised to struggle to liberate themselves from untouchability, casteism and oppression.

* Jaibai Chaudhari - She was a great educationalist and social worker. She had firmly decided to spread education among the depressed class girls and awaken the women. With this determination she started a school for the depressed class girls named Chokhamela Kanyashala girls School at New Colony, Nagpur in 1924. * Gunabai Gadekar – Under her Presidentship the 1st session of All India Depressed classes women’s conference held at Poona on Monday, 11th August 1930. * Dakshayani - She was the first dalit woman graduate in India, a science graduate, the only dalit woman member of the Constituent Assembly of India. In Parliament she took special interest in the matters of education especially that of the Scheduled Class. She sided with Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar on many issues relating to the Scheduled Class during the Constituent Assembly debates. She agreed with Dr. Babasaheb giving up the demand for separate electorates arguing instead for 'moral safeguards' and the immediate removal of their social disabilities. She was the president of the Depressed Classes Youths Fine arts Club and the Managing editor of The Common Man in Madras from 1946-49. She formed many dalit organizations, including Bharatiya Mahila Jagriti Parishad, a dalit women's group in Delhi in 1978. * Radhabai Kamble - In 1946, the SCF candidate who emerged as a workers leader from Badri, Maharashtra. Although educated only until the 4th grade, she was adopt at standing in front of thousands of people and delivering provocative and strong speeches. Her speeches inspired the labour meets in Vidharba. * Sulochanabai Dongre - She was a fearless leader in the All India Depressed classes Women Congress. She presided over the 2nd session of All India Depressed classes women’s conference held at Nagpur on July 20, 1942. * Laxmibai Naik - She established an untouchable Women’s society in 1921 in Amravati. * Anjanibai Deshbhratar - She organized untouchable girl students at Nagpur in May 1936. She was also instrumental in founding a hostel for dalit girls. As a Teacher she continued her participation in the liberation movement. * Dadasaheb Gaikwad’s daughters Seetabai, Ramabai, Geetabai were the forefront of the of the Nasik’s Kalaram temple entry satyagraha of 1930. * Geetabai – An educated activist and a teacher, along with Madhalabai and Meinabai, started a Mahila Mandal in 1932 and spread Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar’s message in the areas of Pune, Bheemapura and Kamathipura. * Indirabai Patil – She was the General Secratory of the All India Depressed classes women’s conference held at Nagpur on July 20, 1942.

* Shantabai Dani – A teacher who left her job for the social work due to the inspiring speech of Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar. She joined the SCF in 1942 itself and elected as president of SCF Nasik district unit in 1943. She was one of the founding members of RPI at Nagpur. She thought that the spread of the education was a must one for the development of the untochables. Therefore in 1959, she started Takshashila Vidhyalaya and Goutam Chatralaya at Nasik in 1965. * Ishwaribai - She involved in social work and politics from Secunderabad. * Rajamani Devi - She involved in the SCF and in politics from Secunderabad . * Maragatham Chandrasekar – India’s first dalit woman Union Minister. She served as the Union Deputy Minister for Health from 1951 to 1957, Home Affairs from 1962 to 1964 and Social Welfare from 1964 to 1967. In 1972, she was elected General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee from Tamil Nadu. * Sathyavani Muthu – Fearless dalit woman leader. She was the first non-Congress Dravidian parties Tamil Nadu politician to serve in Union ministry. * Jothi Venkatachalam - She was the first dalit woman in Tamil Nadu who served as a minister for Prohibition and Women's Welfare in Rajaji’s cabinet between 1953 and 1954. She was also the minister for public health in K. Kamaraj's cabinet between 1954 and 1963. * Sumitra Devi - She was the first woman cabinet minister of Bihar in 1963. * Shantabai Kamble - She wrote first Dalit woman autobiography named “Majya Jalmachi Chittarkatha” published in 1986 from Maharashtra. * Mayawati - She was the first female Dalit Chief Minister in India from Uttar Pradesh. * Chinna Pillai - She started a very successful banking system in the villages near Madurai, Tamil Nadu and is a champion trying to reduce poverty and debt grievances by empowering women. She was the founder of a number of savings and credit groups for poor women. Her selfless and untiring service for the poor women has earned her Stree Shakti Puraskar award for the year 1999. The then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee bowed down in respect and touched her feet while presenting her with the award. * Krishnammal Jagannathan – She had established 7 non-governmental associations for the poor. Her work includes upliftment of Dalits, the landless, and the poor. She was a member of a number of local and state social welfare committees and a member of the National Committee on Education, the Land Reform Committee and the Planning Committee. * Sivakami – An IAS officer, writer and the first dalit woman to become a novelist in India. * Meira Kumar – India’s first woman speaker of Lok Sabha. * Sharadamma - The first Dalit woman mayor of Bangalore. * Santosh Devi – India’s first Dalit solar engineer from Rajasthan. * Revathy - India’s dalit woman who won the world women Carrom Champion in 1995. * Ilavazhagi – She won the 5th world Women Carrom Champion in 2008. * Jyoti – She won the silver medal in the 2004 Junior Asian Wrestling Championships in Kazakhstan. She placed fourth in the women's freestyle 75 kg category at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow and won bronze medal in 2013 Asian Wrestling Championship in women’s 72 kg category. * Archana - Actress in Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam; Twice National Award Winner. * Madhavi - Actress in Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam; National Award Winner. * Pratibha Bharati - Erstwhile Andhra Pradesh Assembly's first woman Speaker (1999–2004), * Bhavatharani - Tamil singer, music director and the daughter of film composer Ilaiyaraaja. She was awarded the National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer in 2001. * Poorna Swaero - 13 years old becomes 1st Youngest Female in the world history to climb Mount Everest. She and Anand Kumar hoisted the Indian flag and left a photo of "Founding Father of Modern India" Revolutionary Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar at the summit.

Compiled: Ambeth BE (Civil) Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu.
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