Sunday, 30 November 2014

India's First Scheduled Class Woman Leader - Annai Meenambal Sivaraj.




Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's beloved sister and dalit Women Icon Annai Mennambal Sivaraj was lived like a divine mother come as a blessing to the aboriginal people. She was as blessed with prosperity and august personality as she was. She had been endowed with knowledge and capability. One of the most famous personality she was. She is entitled to have a special place in the history of the struggle of the aboriginal people.

Annai Meenambal Sivaraj was born to V.G. Vasudevapillai and Meenakshi on 26th December 1904. It is not merely an exaggeration to say that our Annai's birth itself was a glory one of her grand fathers Mr. P.M. Madurai Pillai was a big merchant from Vellore, Tamil nadu. Madurai Pillai was her grand father through her mother's lineage and he was an eminent ship merchant in Rangoon. Loving able people around him, he had earned a name as a benefactor. At the same time he possessed such huge money that could even buy ships of his own. Mr. V.G. Vasudevapillai, Annai Meenambal's father was famous among the Adi-Dravida Leaders. And he was the first elected person to the corporation of Madras from the aboriginal people. For a long time he was a member to the assembly of Tamil Nadu.
It was historic that Annai Meenambal's public service has all started from her first address in 1928 in favour of the Simon Commission. Since the year 1930, she continued to spread the message of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar in South India. She was fortunate enough to be called by Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar himself called her as, "My dear Sister". It was Annai Meenambal who rendered the title "PERIYAR" to E.V.R. Ramaswamy a well known leader of Tamil Nadu. Her public service was as active till the year of 1980. She died on 30th November 1992.
True, her fervent labouring towards the people's advancement had earned a lot of opportunities to her as the first Scheduled Class woman to become member of Madras Corporation representing Madras University senate, Deputy Mayor of Madras Corporation. She was an honorary magistrate for Madras province, the Member of Post-war Reconstruction committee.


                                   
Photo: Annai Meenambal, Dr. Babasaheb and Rao Bahadur N. Sivaraj during "The All India SCF women’s conference" held at Bombay, on May 6th, 1945.


Annai Meenambal had paid her service joining force with Adi-Dravida leaders who admired her for her service. In spite of this, she was never hesitant to prove her individuality. There were hundreds of conference and meetings which she blessed with her Presidentship. Her irrefutable advice that she gave at the Tirunelveli Adi-Dravidian conference which was convened on 31st January 1937,

"It is said that a family without unity will perish. For this reason it must be known that a society, nation or anything else needs the strength of unity to gain its progress. Although it will take a long time to do away with this sin of case consciousness from our country, all the people of our community must unite together with each other to prove that we are too human beings"

I dunno how many PERIYARISTS know about her.....??

*) She gave the title "PERIYAR" (Great one) to E.V. RAMASWAMY in a women conference in Madras. But facts like these were covered up and did not reach the popular discourse. Even I dunno how many of Periyarists know about it.
*) Her husband N. Sivaraj began the Republican party who was called as "Right hand of Dr.Babasaheb". Sivaraj served as a Member of parliament once during British rule and once after Independence on behalf of the Republican party from 1957 to 1961. He was the 1st President of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's "All India SCF". AISCF was the first all India political party exclusively for the Scheduled Class. SCF was founded by Dr. Babasaheb in the national convention of the Scheduled Class held at Nagpur during 17-20 July 1942. It was presided by Rao Bahadur N.Sivaraj and he was elected as its 1st President.
*) Annai Meenambal was the 1st dalit women president of South India SCF. She presided over the SCF women’s conference held at Madras, in 1944, which was attended by Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar. She also presided over the All India SCF women’s conference held at Bombay, on May 6th, 1945.

                                       

Words of Annai Meenambal:

"I think the year was 1938…we were running an organisation for Tamil Nadu’s women. A person called Narayaniamma was a professor at Queen Mary’s College then. She told me, “All important people in Madras Presidency have special titles…but, E.V.R. alone does not have any such title. We have to give him some title through our Association.”.. I gave the suggestion – ‘E.V.R. shows us all the way and is the father of Rationalism here…He occupies a higher place than any others we can compare him to, we can give him the title of ‘Periyar’ (the great one)’ And so, we organised a meeting at the Victoria Public Hall that was near Moore Market then and announced this title formally. E.V.R. was in jail at the time, after having been arrested during the anti-Hindi agitation. After the meeting was over, we went to see him in person and told him the news of having given him the title of ‘Periyar’. He laughed. From this, we took it that he had accepted the ‘Periyar’ title…” said Meenambal Sivaraj.
Remembering Dr.Babaeaheb Ambedkar, Meenambal Sivaraj says, “Ambedkar was skilled at cooking. Once, I participated in a meeting of the Scheduled Caste Federation at Bombay. Returning from the meeting, we were really hungry…Ambedkar took some of us who had participated in the meeting to his ‘Rajgriha’ home and served us food with his own hands. The important thing here is, he had cooked the food himself! When he came to Chennai, the Chettinad Raja Sir Muthiah Chettiar would ask him teasingly, “Do you have any dear ones in Chennai?” To which Ambedkar would reply, “But my sister Meenambal is in Madras.”

I dare to say here, leaders like Pandit Iyodhi dhass, Rettamalai Srinivasan, M.C.Rajah, N.Sivaraj and Annai Meenambal Sivaraj had been neglected by our own fellows and the Shudra dravidian fellows. I must thankful to Paari Chelian ayya, Gowthama Meena akka and Srithar anna.

With regards, Ambeth BE (Civil) Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu.

( Mail: sakyanambeth@gmail.com Blog: ambedkarambeth.blogspot.in)

Source: 1. Myself translated the main facts from a Tamil article written by Srithar (Mumbai) 2. 'Words of Annai Meenambal' taken from Paari Chelian article. 3. Some facts collected from Activist Gowthama Meena. Jai bheem..!

Friday, 28 November 2014

"Three Questions to Communist Friends" by Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.

There are two or three questions which I have always asked my Communist friends to answer and which, I must frankly say, they have not been able to answer. They establish by means of violence what they call the dictatorship of the proletariat. They deprive all people who have property, of their political rights. They cannot have right to vote, they must remain what they call second grade subjects of the state, the ruled, not sharing authority or power. When I asked them, "Do you agree that the dictatorship is a good method of governing people" ? They say, "No, we don't like dictatorship". Then we say, "How do you allow it" ? But they say, "This is an interim period in which dictatorship must be there." You proceed further and ask them, "What is the duration of this interim period" ? How long ? Twenty years ? Forty years ? Fifty years ?" No answer. They only repeat that the proletarian dictatorship will vanish, somehow automatically.

Very well, let us talk the thing as it is that dictatorship will vanish. Well, I ask the question, "What will happen when dictatorship disappears ? What will take its place ? Will men not need Government of sort ?" They have no answer.

Then we go back to the Buddha and ask this question in relation to his Dhamma. What does he say ? The greatest thing that the Buddha has done is to tell the world that the world can not be reformed except by the reformation of the mind of the man, and the mind of the world. If the mind is changed, If the mind accepts the communist system and loves it loyalty and carries it out, it is a permanent thing, it does not require a soldier or a police officer to keep a man in order. Why ? The answer is: The Buddha has energized your conscience itself that is acting as a sentinel in order to keep you on your path. There is no trouble when the mind is converted the thing is permanent.

The Communist system is based in force......... Such a system can take no root, and therefore in my judgement unless the communist are able to answer these questions, what would happen to their system ? When force disappears, there is no use pursuing it. Because, If the mind is not converted, force will always be necessary, and this is what I want to say in conclusion that one of the greatest things I find in Buddhism is that its system is a democratic system. ~ Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. Reference: * Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches, English Volume 17, Part Three, ( Extracted from 'Buddha or Karl Marx') (Page: 554 - 556). My Special Thanks: Videesha.

Tuesday, 25 November 2014

November 26: "Constitutional day of India"

                                   

It is one of the greatest historical day in the history of India. It was the day of "Liberty, Equality and Fraternity" based Democracy had came on 26th November 1949 in India. The Constituent Assembly accepted the draft Constitution. Though born as an Indian, I never proud for being an Indian. On one thing I thank to "Founding Father Of Modern India" Revolutionary Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar who gave 'Liberty, Equality, Fraternity' based Democracy in India irrespective of Caste, Class, gender and religion. I wishing you all happy 65th Constitutional day of India. Although India attained her independence on August 15, 1947, till 1949 it had no permanent constitution of its own and not functioning under the laws enacted. After many amendments the Constitution was approved and Revolutionary Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar presented the draft Constitution was accepted on November 26, 1949. Then it was adopted by the Constituent Assembly in the name of the people of India that came into force on January 26, 1950 marking the beginning of a new era in the history of India. Infact it was the day that the Constitution of India came into effect.

For making Constitution of India, Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar was appointed as Chairmen of the Drafting committe constituted by the Assembly, a greatest ultimate Brilliant Lawyer in India. It was not a simple work but to sculpt the big mountain to share all people rights equally. Many fellows wrongly thought that Dr.Babasaheb's inclusion into constituent assembly was by Mr.Gandhi. But the entry of Dr.Babasaheb was mainly due to his professional approach, his excellent knowledge of constitution and his great work in "States and Minorities" which is a part foundation of our constitution today and his love over Our Nation. The Indian Constitution is greatly influenced by his revolutionary ideas and thoughts. Even the Congress and Gandhi’s Constitution Chairman was Malavankar or someone else from the Congress or Foreign constitutional experts, as its clear that Dr.Babasaheb was not even the last recommended person by Congress or Gandhi. 

Dr.Babasaheb, having failed to get elected from Bombay due to Congress opposition, managed to enter the Constituent Assembly through the Bengal Assembly with the support of Jogendranath Mandal and other independent members who were Scheduled Class, Anglo-Indian member and even the Muslim League. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the sole Schedule class representative in the Constituent Assembly of the Scheduled Castes Federation. Consequent upon the partition of Bengal, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar ceased to be a member of the Constituent Assembly. The work done by Dr. Babasaheb in various sub-committees ( Advisory Committee, Fundamental Rights sub-committee, Minorities sub-committee, Union Constitution Committee ) of the Constitutional Assembly was considered very useful. He submitted a memorandum to the Fundamental Rights sub-committee in which he gave concrete shape ideas. This memorandum was later published for wider circulation under the title 'States and Minorities, what are their rights and how to secure them in the Constitution of free India'. This all convinced the Congress beyond doubt that the legislation and solidification of freedom would not be easy without the services of Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar. The Congress Party which had earlier opposed tooth and nail his entry into the Constituent Assembly came forward and sponsored his candidature. In his letter dated 30th June 1947, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, President of the Constituent Assembly requested Mr. B.G.Kher, the then Prime Minister of Bombay to elect Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar immediately. He wrote, "Apart from any other consideration we have found Dr. Ambedkar's work both in the Constituent Assembly and the various committees to which he was appointed to he of such an order as to require that we should not he deprived of his services. As you know, he was elected from Bengal and after the division of the Province he has ceased to be a member of the Constituent Assembly. I am anxious that he should attend the next session of the Constituent Assembly commencing from the 14th July and it is therefore necessary that he should be elected immediately". Accordingly, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was re-elected in July 1947 from Bombay as a member of the Constituent Assembly. Soon after Prime Minister Nehru invited him to join the Cabinet he formed on 15th August 1947 on the eve of independence. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar accepted the invitation and became India's first Law Minister. On 29th August the Assembly unanimously elected him as Chairman of the Drafting Committee which was assigned the task of framing the Constitution. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, who was a strong opponent of Congress had now become philosopher and guide in the Constitutional matters of India.
After the completion of his work, Dr.Babasaheb said "I feel the Constitution is workable; it is flexible and it is strong enough to hold the country together both in peace time and in war time". T.T.Krishnamachari in his speech in Constituent assembly about Dr.Babasaheb's dedicatory contribution said, "Out of the seven members selected to prepare the draft constitution, one resigned, one died, one left for America, one was busy with his work in princely state, one or two live away from Delhi, some had to be excused for health reasons, Dr.Ambedkar was the only one who had to bear the burnt." The 1st President of India, Dr.Rajendra Prasad, praised the services rendered by Dr.Babasaheb in the making of the Constitution said, "I have carefully watched the day-to-day activities from the presidential seat. Therefore, I appreciate more than others with how much dedication and vitality this task has been carried out by the Drafting Committee and by its chairman Dr.Bhim Rao Ambedkar in particular. We never did a better thing than having Dr.Ambedkar on the Drafting Committee and selecting him as its chairman." Dr.Babasaheb in his speech in Constitutional Assembly, "I shall not therefore enter into the merits of the Constitution. Because I feel, however good a Constitution may be, it is sure to turn out bad because those who are called to work it, happen to be a bad lot. However bad a Constitution may be, it may turn out to be good if those who are called to work it, happen to be a good lot. The working of a Constitution does not depend wholly upon the nature of the Constitution. The Constitution can provide only the organs of State such as the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary. The factors on which the working of those organs of the State depend are the people and the political parties they will set up as their instruments to carry out their wishes and their politics. Who can say how the people of India and their parties will behave ? Will they uphold constitutional methods of achieving their purposes or will they prefer revolutionary methods of achieving them ? If they adopt the revolutionary methods; however good the Constitution may be, it requires no prophet to say that it will fail. It is, therefore, futile to pass any judgement upon the Constitution without reference to the part which the people and their parties are likely to play. The constitution I offered, may be good or bad, it will depend on how the men in office use it. India lost its independence because one of us, one in power, betrayed. We must spend the last drop of blood to defend the freedom of our country".
With regards, Ambeth BE (Civil) Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu.

( Mail: sakyanambeth@gmail.com Blog: ambedkarambeth.blogspot.in)

Jai bheem..! Long Live Ambedkarism....!! Reference: * Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches: Volume 13, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar – The Principal Architect of the Constitution of India.

Wednesday, 1 October 2014

Dear Father Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar, “Why you born among these Petty minded Indians and mental culture nation..??”




Extremely sorry for asking these questions to you father. “Why you born among these Petty minded Indians and mental culture nation....???” You may be a highest Educated person in India till, you may be the 1st Indian who graduated DSc in Economics, you may be the 1st double doctorate in Economics in South Asia, you may be a Bar-at-Law, you may be a great Constitutionalist, Revolutionary, a Parliamentarian, Economist, Sociologist, Politician, Indian Jurist, Philosopher, Thinker, Anthropologist, Historian, Orator, Prolific writer, Social reformer, Feminist, Freedom Fighter, Social activist unto your death, No one recognize you. So far in India, not such a person like you in various field of intellectual genius emerged. You are the only one in India with multi dimensional. Even though you proved yourself as a genius, your thoughts never reached to Indian society just because you was born among some particular to this Stupid mental Indian Society. Your contribution in the various field to this nation is totally ignored and hiding. If you born in any other nation, then concern nation can pride you and has provided countless awards for your contribution in the various field to this nation. After all you born in the land of the most Congenital Casteist idiots are living in the world so called ‘India’. We can’t expect anything from these mental culture nation. These mental Indians only want the outcome, but never give credit to the person. Even your portrait was not in Parliament of India till 1990. Thank to great Prime minister of India V.P.Singh for placed your portrait in Indian Parliament.
Dear father, again sorry for asking one question to you. Why you born among us……??? Our fellows tasted your sweat father. After tasted and licked your sweat, they attain some higher position and got government jobs now. But these mentals thought themselves as a higher and forget to emancipate our illiterate poor. Even they never think where they are from. Instead of helping for our brethren, they pained more us. Even these stupids are shying to say your name after they attain good position (Experienced in my college). Am sure these idiots are the main enemies of our poor brethren who are pushing them off. If the literate stupid among ours thought our poor people condition in past 67 years, am sure today we would not till under poverty. Dear father, here all are selfish, fighting and quarrel for petty matters like inter caste, useless State Nationalism and fanatic over languages among ourself. That's why you rightly said in your age, "Educated people has deceived me. I was of the firm view that our educated people, after taking benefits in studies, will get some Jobs in government. Establishments through reservation and will extend some helping hand to their brothers to emancipate them from the pathetic and miserable life. But they have started filling their Bellies only". I angrily ask you again, why you brought this Representation for us and these SHUDRA guys i,e OBC ( MBC and BC)....??? These Shudra guys asked that what you did to them?? I dunno how many of these stupid Shudra guys know about the Article 340 which is favour for representation to them was given by the hardship of you. Actually the 1st amendment act of the Indian Constitution Article 340 in 1950 granted reservation rights to OBC directing to constitute Backward classes Commission to recommend it. In November 27, 1951, you resigned from the Central cabinet of Prime Minister Nehru, citing deliberate delay in acting on Article 340 as one of the reasons. Although you never created the reservation, many blinds say about you. I request those mentals first go and read about what Poona Pact mean…??? If not, first go and read at least about what the Poona Pact mean and broad themselves whom the nasty created the Reservation. Of course it was created by the nasty Gandhi who fast unto death and denied the rights of Scheduled Class / Scheduled Tribes section from the separate representation. Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar voiced for the separate representation only. Then the Prime Minister of Britain, Ramsay Macdonald agreed it for not only Scheduled Class / Scheduled Tribes but also for Muslims, Sikhs, Anglo-Indians and Christians. Gandhi had no problem for the separate representation to Muslims and Sikhs but against the separate representation to Scheduled Class / Scheduled Tribes, Anglo-Indians and Christians. No such dark face of Cunning Gandhi was screened in Gandhi film. Again father, why you brought this Representation of MP and MLA for us....??? We have 131 MP's (Scheduled Class - 84 and Scheduled Tribes - 47) and 1070 MLA's (Scheduled Class - 543 and Scheduled Tribes - 527) representation from all over India. But what is the use of it father...??? This dogs sucks your blood and acts up stooges for those they belongs parties. For that purpose you brought for us....??? You believe that they point out their voices of our problems in Parliament and legislature. Mostly none point out our problems in both Parliament and legislature father. Best example: My Dharmapuri issue in Tamil Nadu. But these stupid dogs, without know or what their responsibilities to see our problems, they are under stooges and goon to those they dependent parties. You said the revolutionary words to ours as, "Educate, Agitate and Organize". But they.....???? These guys pride you but not your path. Father here illiterate are more better than literate. That's only gonna today. I hope you know all it because you just watching it in every villages by means of statue and their drama's before you. It is too hard to me father. Sorry….!!! With regards, Ambeth BE (Civil) Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu.

( Mail: sakyanambeth@gmail.com Blog: ambedkarambeth.blogspot.in) Jai bheem..! Long Live Ambedkarism....!!