Tuesday, 12 February 2019

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar made a firm resolve and started studying in dead earnest in 1914.

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's resolve in 1914.

In 1914, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar had at first enjoyed the social side of campus life in New York, but then one night made a firm resolve, and started studying in dead earnest. 

When Bhimrao got the opportunity to go abroad, he decided that he would study very hard. But when he went to New York he forgot about this resolve. When he was in Satara and Bombay, he could not mingle with other students; he could not even join in games with them. In New York, he was able to live and dine with other students. Indian and American students got along very well, and lived on friendly terms. Without any hesitation, Bhimrao participated in many pastimes. The students danced together, and played tennis and badminton. Sledding was an especially favored game.

In this and many other entertaining activities Bhimrao spent the first four or five months. He thought that the M.A. and the Ph.D. could be achieved while also enjoying life, so why should he trouble himself too much with study? Accordingly, he would stay up till 2:00 AM talking and amusing himself with friends.

But one night, after wrapping up all the chit-chat around 3:00 AM, he lay down in bed and began to ask himself, "What am I doing? I left the loving members of my family thousands of miles away and came here to study--and I am just sidelining my studies and amusing myself--and that too, on the Government's money! If I make good use of the opportunity given to me, then I will be able to achieve a greater name and fame for myself. Just getting degrees is of no use in itself."... At 5:00 AM he sat up in bed and made a strong resolve that henceforth he would dedicate his life only to study, not to amusements.... His friends teased him, but he stuck to his resolve. At night, when students in the room next door laughed loudly and made a ruckus, Bhimrao would shut the door and windows of his room and put balls of cotton in his ears, so he could sit and study.

* Passages from Changdeo Bhavanrao Khairmode biography (Marathi) of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. These have been translated by Rohini Shridhar Shukla.

* http://www.columbia.edu

Jai bheem...!!!

Monday, 4 February 2019

Thanks for supporting: I hope my work will be continuing more and more.

Part of my article about Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar in Tamil Nadu Text Book
(9th Standard Social Science Book)

Very happy to share it. My blog reached over 1.25 lakh page views. Though it is one small step, I feel it as big one. Thanks to everyone who are supporting it. In this regard first and foremost I would like to thank three persons for their valuable encouragement. It will be ungrateful, If I don't mention them. Thanks to Dr. Muthamil Selvan, Dr. B. Karthik Navayan and Videesha Yashwant Umare. Without their encouragement, this would not have been possible.

Idea inculcate for the new Blog:
During my college days, I had spent much of time in search about Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. I read many books especially Tamil and English Volumes of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar writings and speeches. That resulted for my compiled articles about him [ Unknown Facts about "Founding Father of Modern India"; “Saviour Of Labour Rights in India”]. Initially Facebook helped me to reach these articles to many people. Mostly all facts about Babasaheb are unknown to common people even educated too. Later I found these articles in many blogs. Many people shared these in Facebook. What crippled me at that time, many brethren wrote it as their originality work. It inculcated me for creation of new blog in the name.

                  [ http://ambedkarambeth.blogspot.com ]

Small Steps:

If there any person who encouraged me when I needed from my early stage, the person was none other than Dr. Muthamil Selvan Anna. Later by Dr. B. Karthik Navayan Anna. He published my compiled articles in his wordpress.
                  [ https://karthiknavayan.wordpress.com ]


Even before I found my words about Babasaheb in the speech by the President of India in September 2014. In last year (2018) too, some parts of my article about Babasaheb are added in Tamil Nadu Text book [ 9th standard Social Science Book (Term - II, Volume 4) under 'Civics - Unit-1: Human Rights']

Various Medium and Page Number:
Tamil Medium: Page - 127, 130.
English Medium: Page - 112, 115.
Telugu Medium: Page - 126, 129.
Kannada Medium: Page - 124, 127.

Thanks to Kannan Meloth Sir also. [ http://www.idaneram.info ]

[ http://www.idaneram.info ]

In the end of last year (10 December 2018), my blog post is referred as one of the references in this newly published book, "India After Modi: Populism and the Right". Its author: Ajay Gudavarthy [Associate Professor at the Centre for Political Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi]

References "India After Modi: Populism and the Right"

It happened because of continued support from various sides. I hope my work will be continuing more and more. Once again I convey my gratitude to all.

Tamil Nadu.

Jai bheem...!!!

Sunday, 3 February 2019

22 Vows administered by Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar after Reversion to Buddhism [ Tamil Translation and English].

புரட்சியாளர் அம்பேத்கர் எடுத்துக்கொண்ட 22 உறுதிமொழிகள்.

புரட்சியாளர் டாக்டர் பாபாசாஹேப் அம்பேத்கர் அவர்கள் பூர்வ மதமான பௌதம் திரும்பியபின் எடுத்துக்கொண்ட 22 உறுதிமொழிகள்: (நாக்பூரில் அக்டோபர் 14, 1956)

1) நான் பிரம்மா, விஷ்ணு, சிவன் ஆகியவைகளை கடவுளாக மதிக்க மாட்டேன். அவர்களை வணங்க மாட்டேன்.
2) இராமனையோ, கிரிஷ்ணனையோ கடவுளாக நான் மதிக்க மாட்டேன். அது மட்டுமல்ல அவர்களை நான் கும்பிட மாட்டேன். வணங்க மாட்டேன்.
3) இந்து மதத்தில் உள்ள கடவுள்களான கவுரி அல்லது கணபதி அல்லது இந்து மதத்தில் சொல்லபடுகின்ற எந்த கடவுளையும் வணங்க மாட்டேன். ஏற்க்க மாட்டேன்.
4) கடவுள் என்பவர் அவதாரம் எடுத்தார் என்ற கருத்தை நான் ஒரு போதும் ஏற்க்க மாட்டேன்.
5) புத்தர் என்பவர் மாகாவிஷ்ணுவினுடைய அவதாரம் என்பதை ஒரு போதும் அந்த பிரசாரத்தை நான் ஒப்பு கொள்ள மாட்டேன்.
6) சிரார்த்தம் கொடுப்பதும் பிண்டம் போடுவது, இந்த மாதிரி சடங்குகளை ஒரு போதும் இனி நான் செய்ய மாட்டேன்.
7) புத்த நெறியில் தம்மதிர்க்கு எதிரான எந்த செயலிலும் ஈடுபடமாட்டேன்.
8) பிராமணர்களால் செய்யும் எந்த சடங்கிலும் நான் என்னை ஈடுபடுத்தி கொள்ள மாட்டேன்.
9) எல்லா மனிதர்களையும் சமதுவகமாககருதுவேன்.
10) நான் சமத்துவத்திற்காக தான் பாடுபடுகிறேன்.
11) புத்தர் சொன்ன எட்டு வழிகலான நேர்மை, நியாயம், ஒழுக்கம் போன்ற அந்த எட்டு வழிகளையும் நான் கடை பிடிப்பேன்.
12) புத்தர் சொன்ன 10 உறுதிமொழிகளை நான் ஏற்பேன்.
13) நான் எல்லா மனிதர்களுக்கும் கருணை காட்டுவதும், அவர்களை அலட்சிய படுத்தாமல் அவர்களை பற்றிய சிந்தனைக்கு ஆளாவேன்.
14) நான் திருட மாட்டேன்.
15) நான் பொய் சொல்ல மாட்டேன்.
16) நான் எந்தவிதமான தீய போதிக்கும் அடிமை ஆக மாட்டேன்.
17) நான் மதுவை குடிக்க மாட்டேன்.
18) புத்த நெறியின் தம்மம் என்கிற அறவழியில் உள்ள மூன்று கொள்கைகள் ஆன தியானம், சீலம்,கருணை என்னும் அடித்தளங்கள் மீதே என் வாழ்கையை அமைத்து நடப்பேன்.
19) மனித இனத்தின் முன்னேற்றத்தை தடுத்தும்,அந்த மனித பிறவிகளை இழிவானவர்களாக சம உரிமை அற்றவர்களாக எண்ணி ஒடுக்கியதும் இந்து மதமே. எனவே அத்தகைய இந்து மதத்தை நான் துறக்கிறேன்.
20) இதுதான் உண்மையான தம்மம் என்கிற அறவழி என்பதாக புரிந்து கொள்கிறேன்.
21) ஒரு புதிய பிறவியை (இப்பொழுதான் ) எடுத்திருப்பதாக நான் எண்ணுகிறேன்.
22) இந்த நேரம் முதல் இனிமேல் புத்தருடைய போதனைகள் வழியே நடந்து கொள்வேன் என்னும் சூளுரையை எடுத்து கொள்கிறேன்.

  22 Vows administered by Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar 

22 Vows administered by Revolutionary Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar after Reversion (Not a conversion) to Buddhism on 14th October 1956 at Nagpur.

1) I shall not consider Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh as God nor shall I worship them.
2) I shall not consider Ram and Krishna as God nor shall I worship them.
3) I shall not believe in Gouri-Ganesh and other Gods and goddesses of Hindu Religion nor shall I worship them.
4) I don’t have faith incarnation of God.
5) I believe that, Buddha is incarnation of Vishnu, is a false and malicious propaganda.
6) I shall not perform shraddha, nor shall I give Pind-dan.
7) I shall not practice anything which is against and different from Buddha’s Dhamma.
8) I will not perform any rituals to be performed by Brahmins.
9) I believe that all human beings are equal.
10) I shall make efforts to establish equality.
11) I shall follow the Eight fold path as told by the Buddha.
12) I shall practice ten Paramitas as told by the Buddha.
13) I shall have compassion and living kindness for all living beings and protect them.
14) I shall not steal.
15) I shall not tell lies.
16) I shall not commit any sexual misconduct.
17) I shall not consume liquor/intoxicants.
18) I shall lead a life based on Buddhist Principle of wisdom, Precepts, and compassion.
19) I denounce Hindu religion which is Harmful for my development as a human being and which has treated human being unequal lowly and I accept Buddha’s Dhamma.
20) I am convinced that Buddha’s Dhamma is Saddhamma.
21) I believe that I am taking new birth.
22) I commit that henceforth I shall act as per Buddha’s principles and teachings.

புரட்சியாளர் அம்பேத்கர் எடுத்துக்கொண்ட 22 உறுதிமொழிகள்.

Jai bheem...!!!

Wednesday, 30 January 2019

'Jai Bheem' ( English Weekly ) and Thanthai N. Sivaraj.

Jai Bheem / Jai bhim ( English Weekly ) and Thanthai N. Sivaraj

Facts about 'Jai Bheem' ( English Weekly ):

* In the Mid-1940s, Thanthai N. Sivaraj edited and published an English journal named 'Jai Bheem' at Madras.
* Its initial publications were issued weekly on Tuesday (1946). Later issued on Wednesday.
* It spread the issues of the marginalized sections, AISCF meetings, notes and comments on political topics, Speeches of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, N. Sivaraj and other leaders etc.,

Read more about Thanthai N. Sivaraj:
"Right Hand of Dr. Ambedkar" - Thanthai N. Sivaraj.

Here I have given some important words of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar where published in 'Jai Bheem' [1946-1947]:

1. "The Scheduled Castes were not asking for a territorial division. All that they wanted was a fair deal. All that they wanted was equal political rights and no patronage." 
[March 5th, 1946]

2. "We like this country to progress much as anybody else does. We do not want to stand in the way of that. All we want is that our position is safeguard in the future of India. To this end we will take part in every kind of struggle against the British proposals."
[August 13, 1946]

3. "Refering to the movement started by the AISCF Dr. Ambedkar said that their fight for the achievement of their legitimate rights would continue. 'We may be conquered, but we shall not capitulate."
[September 16, 1946]

4. "It is because the Scheduled Castes have come to realize that the assimilation or absorption of the Scheduled Castes into the the Hindu community is vain hope; and is only a dream, that they have decided to ask for separate electorates."
[September 25, 1946]

5. "A separate electorate would alone guarantee to the Scheduled Castes the possibility of electing to the legislatures members of their own who could be trusted to fight in the legislatures and the executive whenever they did anything which had the effect of nullifying the rights of the Untouchables. It will be noticed that the Congress has been able to elect on its ticket representatives of the Scheduled Castes all throughout India in the different provincial legislatures. And yet, not one of them has even asked a question, moved a resolution or tabled a cut motion in order to ventilate the grievances of the Scheduled Castes. It would be much better not to have representation at all than to have such sham representation in the legislature."
[December 25, 1946]

6. "Hinduism and social union are incompatible. By its very genius Hinduism believes in social separation which is another name for social disunity and even creates social separation. If Hindus wish to be one they will have to discard Hinduism. They cannot be one without violating Hinduism. Hinduism is the greatest obstacle to Hindu Unity. Hinduism cannot create that longing to belong which is the basis of all social unity. On the contrary Hinduism creates an eagerness to separate." 
[February 16, 1947]

7. "Greatness can be achieved only by struggle and sacrifice. No man can achieve greatness, unless he is prepared for struggle and sacrifice. He must be ready to sacrifice the comforts, and even the necessities of the present, for building up his future. My message is struggle and more struggle, sacrifice and more sacrifice. It is struggle and struggle alone. Nothing else will." 
[April 13, 1947]

8. "Noble is your aim and sublime and glorious is your mission. Blessed are those who are awakened to their duty to those among whom they are born. Glory to those who devote their time, talents and their all to the amelioration of slavery. Glory to those who would reap their struggle for the liberation of the enslaved in spite of heavy odds, carping humiliation, storms and dangers till the downtrodden secure their Human Rights." 
[April 13, 1947]

9. "Celebrations of birthdays from one point of view are not very happy. As you know, man is mortal and he must pass away someday. Birthdays are remainders that there have been several deductions from one's life. Of course, these deductions are not to regretted by anybody, because it is natural that man should spend his life. However, in a case where the life of a man is devoted to some public cause, it does become a matter of some consideration...... I have loyalty to our people inhabiting this country. I have also loyalty to this country. I have no doubt that you have the same. All of us want this country to be free. So far as I am concerned my conduct has been guided by the consideration that we shall place no great difficulties in the way of this country achieving its freedom." 
[May 25, 1947]

With Regards,
Tamil Nadu.

* Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches, English Volume 17, Part-III or Tamil Volume 37.

Jai bheem...!!!

Tuesday, 29 January 2019

Cripps Mission (1942): Perunthalaivar M.C. Rajah and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.

Cripps Mission, M. C. Rajah and Dr. Ambedkar.

Brief Notes:
* Sir Richard Stafford Cripps: a British statesman who became a member of the British War Cabinet in 1942.
* Cripps Mission: conducted a negotiation between Britain and India that was an important milestone on the road to Indian independence. But failed to resolve the wartime crisis in India.

Joint action between M.C. Rajah and Dr. Ambedkar:
I already clarified that there was no longer personal difference between Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar and Perunthalaivar M.C. Rajah. (Read here: Perunthalaivar M.C. Rajah and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar ) 

On 1st April 1942, M. C. Rajah and Dr. Ambedkar made common cause in protest against the British for ignored the Depressed Classes.

I] Here the Note by Sir Stafford Cripps:
[ Interview with M. C. Rajah and Dr. Ambedkar, Representing the Depressed Classes on 30th March 1942 ]

After telling me about the conditions of the Depressed Classes, particularly in Madras and Bombay, they then went on to point out that under the system of election they would have a very small representation only in the constituent assembly, as most of their so-called representatives would be Congressmen, and that their position would therefore be very weak. They summed up the demands that they would make to the constituent assembly and then asked me whether we considered that they came within the racial and religious minorities, to which I answered yes, and what sort of provisions were likely to be made in the Treaty for their protection. I stated that these would probably be along the lines of the League of Nations minority treaties, and if already there were special provisions in the constitution these would probably be repeated in the Treaty, and there would be some obligation to refer the matter to some outside authority in cases of dispute, the Government of the Indian Union undertaking to abide by the decision so given, and that if they did not do so it would constitute a breach of Treaty, whereupon the British Government could take such steps as it considered wise in the particular circumstances. I stated that though this form of protection might no doubt seem to them inadequate, once granted the idea of self-government and self-determination for India, there was no other possible way by which we could intervene to protect any minority in India. 

So far as the interim period was concerned, I pointed out that the probabilities were that some representative of the Depressed Classes would be asked to serve on the Executive Council at the Centre, and that one of the first tasks of that Council would no doubt be to make some temporary arrangements as regards the carrying on of the Provincial Governments.

Mr. Ambedkar expressed the view that they would demand to be treated as one of the major elements and to be taken into consultation by the Viceroy in the formation of the new Executive. I stated that this was not a matter for me; the Viceroy would exercise his own judgement as to whom he should consult in this matter.

Naturally they were not very happy about the whole situation, but I did not gather that they would oppose the scheme, since there was no other alternative under which they could get any greater measure of protection.

II] M. C. Rajah and Dr. Ambedkar to Sir S. Cripps [On April 1, 1942]:
We told you when we met you on the 30th March† that the proposals of His Majesty’s Government relating to Constitutional development of India will not be acceptable to the Depressed Classes for the reasons which we placed before you at the interview. Since then We have had consultations with many of the Depressed Classes’ representatives in the various Provincial and Central Legislatures and all of them have unanimously endorsed the view we placed before you regarding the proposals. We are all of us absolutely convinced that the proposals are calculated to do the greatest harm to the Depressed Classes and are sure to place them under an unmitigated system of Hindu rule. Any such result which takes us back to the black days of the ancient past will never be tolerated by us, and we are all determined to resist any such catastrophe befalling our people with all the means at our command. 

We request you to convey to His Majesty’s Government our deepest anxiety regarding the future of the Depressed Classes and to impress upon them that we must look upon it as breach of faith if His Majesty’s Government should decide to force upon the Depressed Classes a Constitution to which they have not given their free and voluntary consent and which does not contain within itself all the provisions that are necessary for safeguarding their interests.

In the end we want to thank you for assuming us that you called us in our representative capacity and that His Majesty’s Government did not regard the Depressed Classes as a minor party—points upon which some doubt had arisen in our mind and about which we asked you for a correct definition of our position.

Tamil Nadu.


* Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches, English Volume 10, Page 445-448 or Tamil Volume 19, Page 59-62.

Jai bheem...!!!

More about Perunthalaivar M.C. Rajah: